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Emancipation Badge: C.45-1962

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 27 (Glaisher)

Titles

Emancipation Badge

Maker(s)

Factory: Wedgwood, Josiah
Designer: Webber, Henry
Modeler: Hackwood, William

Entities

Categories

Description

Jasper, white with black relief. Circular with depiction of an enslaved African man, shackled, kneeling, in profile to the right. Round the edge, the inscription, 'AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER?'.

Notes

History note: Unknown before donor

Legal notes

Given by Mrs G. E. Moore

Measurements and weight

Height: 3 cm
Width: 2.8 cm

Relative size of this object

2.8 cm3 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Etruria ⪼ Staffordshire ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1962-11-29) by Moore, G. E., Mrs

Dating

George III
Production date: circa AD 1787

Note

Although this image proved effective at the time, some reformers advocated instead for images that focussed on the strength and dignity of those of African descent, instead of portraying them as powerless.

For more information on Wedgwood and Franklin’s correspondence, see Finer and Savage, ‘Selected Letters of Josiah Wedgwood’, p. 311-2. Franklin replied on 5 May 1788, (Yale University Library), see Elizabeth Bryden Adams, ‘The Dwight and Lucille Beeson Wedgwood Collection in the Birmingham Museum of Art’, Birmingham Alabama, 1992, p. 106, where quoted, and p. 174, note 79.

Slavery was abolished in England in 1833 but as it was not formally abolished in the whole of North America until 1865, many English slave owners continued to increase their wealth by selling enslaved people to American traders. Much of the wealth associated with the industrial revolution was directly connected to the trade and labour of enslaved people.

The medallions, made in Wedgwood’s famous jasperware (imitating ancient cameos), were incorporated into jewellery, shoe buckles, hairpins and campaign buttons, allowing supporters of the abolitionist movement to publicly demonstrate their support for the cause and help to spread word of the Society and its aims. The image, together with the accompanying phrase, ‘Am I not a man and a brother?’ became one of the most powerful symbols of the abolitionist cause and it was widely copied and adapted. It can be found painted on ceramic patch boxes, cast in metal medals and even woven and beaded in textile form. Wedgwood distributed these medallions widely, sending 500 to founding member of the Society, Thomas Clarkson, and 400 to Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Franklin gave them to his friends and thanked Wedgwood, writing, ‘I am persuaded it may have an effect equal to that of the best written pamphlet in procuring honour to those oppressed people’.

This badge was used to advocate for the abolition (end of) the trade in enslaved African people. It was produced for the Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade, formed in 1787, which campaigned vigorously in favour of a new law through the production of widely-distributed pamphlets, books, posters and prints. Famous ceramic manufacturer Josiah Wedgwood had long been a staunch abolitionist and after joining the Society, his factory began to produce medallions depicting this image, which is attributed to sculptor Henry Webber and prepared for production by modeller William Hackwood.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Relief

Materials used in production

white and black Jasper ware

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: AM I NOT A MAN AND A BROTHER?
  • Location: Round the edge
  • Type: Legend

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.45-1962
Primary reference Number: 11477
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 14 April 2022 Last processed: Monday 25 July 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Emancipation Badge" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/11477 Accessed: 2022-12-08 13:06:44

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/11477 |title=Emancipation Badge |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-12-08 13:06:44|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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