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Bible: MS 2

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

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Bible

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Description

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, ii modern paper flyleaves + 452 fols. + iii modern paper flyleaves, 228 x 170 mm (178 x 118 mm), two columns, 50 lines, ruled in plummet, written below top line, running headers, occasional quire and leaf signatures (e.g. fols. 34r-43v), leaves lost between fols. 2-3, 19-20, 33-34, 127-128

BINDING: eighteenth century, brown Russia leather over pasteboards, with crest of Chauncey family (a demi griffin out of a ducal coronet or) on spine, modern strap and clasp

SECUNDO FOLIO: ei Ihesum qui clausus latebat in littera

SCRIPT: Gothic bookhand (textualis)

CONTENTS
fols. 1r-452r Old and New Testaments with Prologues

DECORATION
Seventy-nine historiated initials in red, pink and blue on pink, blue, red and gold grounds, some with foliate extensions, a few incorporating dragons, for General Prologue, books and psalms of the eightfold division: fol. 1r General Prologue, [F, 8 ll.] St Jerome writing; fol. 34r Lev, [V, 8 ll.] Two Israelites offering lamb at altar; fol. 45r Num, [L, 8 ll.] Moses addressing two Israelites; fol. 59v Deut, [H, 8 ll.] Moses addressing two Israelites; fol. 73r Jos, [E, 8 ll.] God speaking to Joshua, a king asleep in bed below; fol. 82r Judges, [P, 8 ll.] God speaking to Judah in chain mail with sword; fol. 91r Ruth, [I, 25 ll.] Elimelech, Naomi and their sons, Mahlon and Chilion, travelling to Moab; fol. 93r I Kings, [F, 8 ll.] Elkanah and Hannah praying at an altar, addressed by God; fol. 106r II Kings, [F, 8 ll.] Benaiah beheading the Amalekite; fol. 116v III Kings, [E, 8 ll.] Abishag brought to David in bed; fol. 139r I Par, [A, 8 ll.] Genealogy of Adam, three seated men conversing; fol. 149v II Par, [C, 8 ll.] Solomon kneeling at altar; fol. 162v I Esd, [I, 25 ll.] King Cyrus pointing to Ezra; fol. 166r Neh, [V, 4 ll.] Artaxerxes seated, holding book; fol. 171r II Esd, [E, 8 ll.] Josiah asperging altar; fol. 176v Tob, [T, 8 ll.] Tobit in bed, blinded by the swallow; fol. 180r Judith, [A, 8 ll.] Judith beheading Holofernes; fol. 185r Esth, [I, 30 ll.] Esther petitioning Ahasuerus, Haman hanged below; fol. 190v Job, [V, 8 ll.] Job on the dungheap conversing with wife (partly defaced); fol. 200r Ps 1, [B, 8 ll.] David harping; fol. 203v Ps 26, [D, 8 ll.] David pointing to eyes; fol. 205v Ps 38, [D, 8 ll.] David pointing upwards; fol. 207v Ps 52, [D, 8 ll.] Fool with club and disc; fol. 209v Ps 68, [S, 8 ll.] David in water praying to God above; fol. 212v Ps 80, [E, 8 ll.] David playing bells; fol. 214v Ps 97, [C, 6 ll.] Two clerics chanting; fol. 217r Ps 109, [D, 8 ll.] Trinity (Father and Son seated with dove between); fol. 222v Prov, [P, 8 ll.] Solomon instructing Rehoboam; fol. 230r Eccles, [V, 8 ll.] Solomon enthroned, holding fleur de lys and sceptre; fol. 232v Cant, [O, 8 ll.] Virgin and Child; fol. 234r Wisd, [D, 8 ll.] Solomon seated with sword; fol. 240r Ecclus, [O, 8 ll.] Virgin and Child; fol. 255r Isai, [V, 8 ll.] Martyrdom of Isaiah; fol. 273r Jer, [V, 8 ll.] Stoning of Jeremiah, fol. 293r Lam, [Q, 5 ll.] Jeremiah lamenting before Jerusalem; fol. 295r Bar, [E, 8 ll.] Baruch writing; fol. 297v Ezek, [E, 5 ll.] Ezekiel's vision of the four beasts; fol. 317r Dan, [A, 8 ll.] Daniel in the lions' den; fol. 325r Osea, [V, 8 ll.] Hosea seated with Gomer; fol. 327v Joel, [V, 8 ll.] Joel seated; fol. 329r Amos, [V, 6 ll.] Amos as shepherd called by God; fol. 331r Abd, [V, 8 ll.] God speaking to Obadiah; fol. 331v Jonah, [E, 7 ll.] Jonah coming out of the whale; fol. 332v Mich, [V, 8 ll.] God speaking to Micah; fol. 334r Nah, [O, 8 ll.] Nahum prophesying before Nineveh; fol. 335v Hab, [O, 8 ll.] God speaking to Habakkuk; fol. 336v Soph, [V, 8 ll.] God speaking to Zephaniah; fol. 337v Agg, [I, 19 ll.] Haggai standing; fol. 338r Zach, [I, 5 ll.] Zechariah standing; fol. 341v Mal, [O, 8 ll.] God speaking to Malachi; fol. 343r I Macc, [E, 8 ll.] Beheading of idolatrous Jew; fol. 354v II Macc, [F, 12 ll.] King enthroned; fol. 363r Matt, [L, 8 ll.] Jesse reclining; fol. 374v Mark, [I, 20 ll.] St Mark vested as deacon holding book, fish below, illustrating Mark 1:17, venite post me et faciam vos fieri piscatores hominum; fol. 381v Luke, [F, 7 ll.] Zacharias censing altar; fol. 394r John, [I, 25 ll.] St John standing; fol. 403r Rom, [P, 30 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 407v I Cor, [P, 33 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 412r II Cor, [P, 19 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 415v Gal, [P, 28 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 417r Eph, [P, 36 ll.] St Paul standing holding book; fol. 418v Phil, [P, 21 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 419v Col, [P, 36 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 420v I Thess, [P, 19 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 421v II Thess, [P, 20 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 422r I Tim, [P, 11 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 423v II Tim, [I, 6 ll.] St Paul standing; fol. 424v Titus, [P, 28 ll.] St Paul standing, holding sword; fol. 425r Philemon, [P, 28 ll.] St Paul standing and Heb, [M, 8 ll.] St Paul preaching to men; fol. 429r Acts, [P, 28 ll.] Ascension of Christ; fol. 441r James, [I, 25 ll.] St James standing; fol. 442r I Pet, [P, 5 ll.] St Peter with key; fol. 443r II Pet, [S, 8 ll.] St Peter standing; fol. 444r I John, [Q, 8 ll.] St John standing with book; fol. 445r II John, [S, 8 ll.] St John standing; fol. 445v III John, [S, 7 ll.] St John standing and Jude, [I, 6 ll.] St Jude seated; fol. 446v Apoc, [A, 8 ll.] St John writing on Patmos, towers of seven churches behind.

ORNAMENTATION
Pink and blue initials [5-50 ll.] on pink, blue and red grounds with gold, foliate and dragon motifs, for some prologues and Prayer of Manasses (e.g. fols. 72v, 139r, 180r); alternate red and blue initials [2-14 ll.] with red and blue pen flourishing respectively for chapters, most psalms and some prologues; red and blue penwork ‘baguettes’ forming partial borders to left of columns of text throughout; alternate red and blue capitals [2 ll.] for running headers; one-line alternate red and blue initials for psalm verses; alternate red and blue Roman numerals for chapters; capitals highlighted in red.

Notes

History note: Charles Chauncey (1706-1777), admitted at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge in 1727, M.B. (1734), M.D. (1739), physician and antiquary (Venn 1922-1927, I, 318; Moore 2004), crest of Chauncey family on spine (a demi griffin out of a ducal coronet or); Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), acquired in 1812, his no. 137 (fol. 1r); his bequest, 1816.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1816) by Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount

Dating

13th Century
1240 CE - 1250 CE

People, subjects and objects depicted

Project

  • Cambridge Illuminated

Materials used in production

Pigment
Iron gall ink
Gold

Components of the work

Support composed of parchment
Text Height 178 mm Width 118 mm
Page Height 228 mm Width 170 mm

Techniques used in production

Egg tempura
Illumination

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: eu[?n]h'in qui clausus
  • Type: Secundo folio

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: MS 2
Primary reference Number: 124073
Project ID: 271
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 24 August 2020 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Manuscripts and Printed Books

Citation for print

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Bible" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/124073 Accessed: 2022-12-07 14:32:04

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