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Gemellion: M.11-1921

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Object information

Maker(s)

Unknown (Workshop)

Description

Copper and champlevé enamel

Copper, raised, engraved, champlevé and enamelled. The shallow circular bowl has a narrow rim, and a spout on the left side. In the centre there is a circular medallion enclosing a man on horseback with a hawk on his wrist and scrolling foliage reserved in a blue enamel ground, framed by a continuous zigzag line reserved in a turquoise band. On the sides there are four white overlapping semi-circular petal outlines each enclosing two figures, a man playing a musical instrument and a woman dancing, except for the outline at the top in which the woman is doing a handstand. In each of the spandrels is a coat-of-arms (two, repeated) flanked by scrolling foliage reserved in a turquoise ground. On the back is a rosette engraved on the base with eight petals at the centre, and nineteen godrons to the edge.

Notes

History note: Félix Doistau; sold Hotel Drouot, 22-25 November 1909, Catalogue des objets D'art et de haute curiosité, émaux champlevés, ivories . . . . le tout dépendant des Collections de M. Félix Doistau, lot 114; purchased in Rome by the Right Hon. F. Leverton Harris

Legal notes

Given by the Rt. Hon. F. Leverton-Harris

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 22.6 cm
Height: 3.7 cm
Width: 23.6 cm

Relative size of this object

23.6 cm3.7 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1921) by Harris, Frederick Leverton

Dating

First half of 13th century
Medieval
Circa 1217 CE - 1249 1249 CE

Note

Gemellions (from the Latin, gemellus, a twin) were basins used in pairs for hand washing. Water was poured from a spouted bowl onto the hands held over the other bowl. This was an important preparation for eating as forks were not used at meals. This bowl bears the arms of Hugh X de Lusignan, comte de la Marche (d. 1249), who in 1217 mar¬ried Isabelle, or Elisabeth, only daugh¬ter of Aymar I, comte d’Ang¬oul¬eme (d. 1218) and Alix de Courte¬nai (d. c. 1245). But the basin does not bear the arms of Angouleme. See Documentation, Marquet de Vasselot, 1952.

School or Style

Gothic

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration: composed of enamel

Materials used in production

Copper alloy

Techniques used in production

Raising

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.11-1921
Primary reference Number: 139823
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 26 January 2021 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Gemellion" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/139823 Accessed: 2021-12-06 17:20:31

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/139823|title=Gemellion|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-12-06 17:20:31|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

<div class="text-center my-3"> <figure class="figure"> <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa20/M_11_1921.jpg" alt="gemellion" class="img-fluid" /> <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">gemellion</figcaption> </figure> </div>

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