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Croix de Guerre (1914-15): CM.1192-2009

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Artist: Bartholomé, Paul-André
Mint: Paris
State: France
Mint: Colmar, Paris




As the Great War endured beyond the initial months that it was expected to last, the French government decided that a new medal was required to recognise oustanding service in the ongoing conflict. The Croix de Guerre was instituted in 1915 for all officers and men who had earned a mention in despatches. The first issue was struck bearing the years 1914 and 1915; the dates on subsequent issues were updated annually.
The bronze palm decoration on the medal, which is of the first, 1915, issue, demonstrates that the recipient was mentioned in Army Despatches--several higher categories were possible, which merited different adornments--but despite this, as the medal is unnamed, its recipient cannot be identified. This was one of the last medals that Lester Watson bought, from the Amsterdam dealers Schulman in 1936.


History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, bt Schulman (Amsterdam) 1936

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 36.4 mm
Weight: 18.98 g

Place(s) associated

  • Colmar

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester


Production date: AD 1915

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production


Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of Marianne facing right with inscription around, crossed swords in angles of cross

  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Inscription, with crossed swords in angles of cross

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1192-2009
Primary reference Number: 141286
Watson Catalogue: 81
Ordering: M-0075
Previous object number: LW.0075
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 15 January 2024 Last processed: Monday 15 January 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Croix de Guerre (1914-15)" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-07-20 00:51:07

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{{cite web|url= |title=Croix de Guerre (1914-15) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-07-20 00:51:07|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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