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The Adoration of the Magi: M.53-1904

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Object information

Titles

The Adoration of the Magi

Maker(s)

Unidentified (Maker)

Description

Rectangular plaque of the Adoration of the Magi painted en grisailled on a translucent brown ground, and gilded

Rectangular, slightly convex copper plaque, enamelled en grisaille on a translucent brown ground, and gilded. The reverse has clear counter-enamel, but much of it is covered by a black substance, partly scraped away.
The Virgin is seated on the left holding the Christ Child on her knee. St Joseph stands to the left in profile, and an aged King with a long beard kneels in front of the Child and holds His left foot in his hand. The other two kings holding cups in their right hands stand in front of a column in the middle. One faces the front, and doffs his hat. The other, richly-dressed, has his back towards the viewer. Further to the right a retainer stands beside a horse, Behind it is another horse ridden by a man with a shield and a banner, and a third man stands gazing back towards a star with a streaming tail in the sky on the left. Below it is a castle, and another is on a hill rising up behind the retainers and horses. In the foreground to left there is a fragment of broken column, and to right a small heap of stones and a low wall Gilding is used sparingly for the halos of the Holy Family, a chain round the neck of the man doffing his hat, the star, and the lower end of a staff or sword scabbard at centre. In a gilt-metal rectangular moulded frame with a rosette in the middle of each side, and a stud in each corner.

Notes

History note: Unknown before testator

Legal notes

Frank McClean Bequest

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France
  • Paris ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1904) by McClean, Frank

Dating

Mid 19th century
Circa 1840 CE - 1880 1880 CE

Note

The ultimate source of the design was probably a Flemish panel painting of the Adoration of the Magi, successively attributed to Pierre Coeck d’Alost and Bernard van Orley, which in 1966 was in the collection of Amédée Hus at Paris. In addition to the Fitzwilliam’s, which was made in the 19th century, probably in Paris rather than Limoges, there are at least six more enamel plaques derived from this painting (or possibly a print, although none has yet been found), all of which differ from it in showing on the right side, a man leading a horse, a man holding a penant on a pole, and in the background a castle on a hill. This could be accounted for if the painting had since been cut down on that side. The example with the earliest provenance, said to be initialled P.M., was in the Defornet collection, Paris in 1820, and was last recorded collection of Baron Alphonse de Rothschild. The others are in the Petit Palais, Paris, The Royal Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh (1948.146), the Bloomington Indiana University Art Museum (inv. no. 72.88.1), the Museo Lázaro Galdiano, Madrid (inv.no. 2223), the Hermitage, Leningrad (inv. no. F 2662), and a French private collection. The brown enamel ground on this example is similar in tone to the frame of the example in the Petit Palais, Paris. See Documentation.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Frame: composed of gilt-metal Height 11 cm Width 17 cm
Decoration: composed of enamel gold Plaque: composed of copper Height 8.9 cm Width 15.1 cm

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: rectangular paper label with rounded corners, and blue edge and dotted border

  • Text: illegible
  • Location: On back
  • Method of creation: Hand-written
  • Label

Inscription present: rectangular paper label with cut corners, completely obliterated by the black substance on the back of the plaque.

  • Label

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.53-1904
Primary reference Number: 156442
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 27 November 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Plaque" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/156442 Accessed: 2022-01-17 19:47:12

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/156442|title=Plaque|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-01-17 19:47:12|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

<div class="text-center my-3"> <figure class="figure"> <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa20/M_53_1904.jpg" alt="The Adoration of the Magi" class="img-fluid" /> <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">The Adoration of the Magi</figcaption> </figure> </div>

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