Skip to main content

Standing cup: M.31 & A-1933

An image of Standing cup

Photograph copyright © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.

Terms of use

These images are provided for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons License (BY-NC-ND). To license a high resolution version, please contact our image library who will discuss fees, terms and waivers.

Download this image

Creative commons explained - what it means, how you can use our's and other people's content.

Colours in this image

Alternative views

Object information

Current Location: In storage

Maker(s)

Workshop Master I. C. (Maker)
Workshop Court dit Vigier, Jean I (Maker)

Description

Copper, enamelled en grisaille and gilded

Copper, enamelled en grisaille with pink on a black ground, appearing very dark manganese-brown at the edges. The hemispherical bowl of the cup is supported on a vase-shaped knop on top of a bell-shaped circular foot. The low domed cover has a flange round the edge, and a raised central area with a replacement finial in the form of a horizontal metal grotesque mask. This is held in position on the underside by a lump of red sealing wax. The interior of the cup is decorated with the Creation of Adam, surrounded by a broad black border. God stands on the right. He is bearded and crowned and wears a voluminous long gown. He extends his left hand towards the nude figure of Adam lying on the ground to the left. In the landscape background there are hills and a lake with three sea monsters in it; trees on either side behind the figures; and between them, many animals, including oxen, a pelican, a lion, a camel, a goat, a rabbit, and a cat stalking a mouse, and, on the right of God, a stag and a hind. The underside of the bowl is decorated with a radiating design of four grotesque masks, curling strapwork, swags and beading. The initials '.I.C.' are painted below one mask on the strapwork. Round the rim there is an egg and tongue border. The vase-shaped knop is decorated with three female masks and swags, with a white band above, and on the foot, is a battle scene al antica, with nude warriors on foot and on horseback. The outer edges of the foot and rim are white. The cover is decorated on the exterior with a central flowerhead surrounded by four leonine masks on curling strapwork, around which is a continuous procession of revelling putti wearing vine wreaths in their hair. One is seated in a chariot, the next holds a ewer, two walk together behind another accompanied by a goat, two skip along behind a trumpet player, the next holds a large jar above his head, the next sits holding a vine branch and the last carries a basket of grapes above his head. Around the scene there is a border of bound laurel, and on the flange, remanants of a gilded border no longer legible. The underside is decorated with a radiating design of four winged putto's heads linked by swags over strapwork surrounded by gilt arabesques, and remnants of a gilded guilloche border.

Notes

History note: Uncertain before donor

Legal notes

Given by Alfred A. de Pass in memory of his son Crispin (d. 1918)

Measurements and weight

Height: 19.2 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1933) by de Pass, Alfred A.

Dating

Second half of 16th century
Circa 1555 CE - Before 1580 CE

Note

On accession the cup was attributed to Jean Courteys. The identity of the master who signed I.C. is uncertain, but it seems probable that he was Jean Court dit Vigier I (d. c. 1592), who had a son of the same name The cover appears to be by a different hand from the cup, and the stem and foot may be by a different hand from the bowl.

The scene on the interior was derived from Bernard Saloman’s illustration of the Creation of Adam in Claude Paradin, 'Quadrins historique de la bible', Lyon 1553 or later editions of 1555 or 1560, but differs from it in several details. God has a drape around the chest and shoulders with a scalloped or beaded edge absent in the illustration, and has his legs are positioned differently. Adam is shown reclining on a bank rather than prone flat on the ground, and the animals vary considerably.The hare close to God does not occur in Bernard Salomon’s illustration, and suggests that the painter was also influenced by Etienne Delaune’s 'Creation of Adam' which has two on the extreme right, or his Creation of the World, in which two are on the left. Hares do not occur in the Bible story of the Creation, but became common in Medieval manuscript illumination in the Creation and the Naming of the Animals. There are standing cups decorated with this subject in the Green Vaults at Dresden, also initialled .I.C. (see Documentation), and in Musée national de la Renaissance at Ecouen (Ecl 887b.).

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( pink, white, black) gold Foot Of Cup Diameter 10.5 cm
Rim Of Cup Diameter 17.5 cm
Rim Of Cover Diameter 19.5 cm
Cup Height 15.5 cm

Materials used in production

Copper

Techniques used in production

Raising (metal forming process) : Copper, raised, and enamelled en grisaille with pale pink and salmon-pink wash on a black ground, appearing very dark manganese-brown at the edges

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: .I.C.
  • Location: On underside of bowl of cup on strapwork
  • Method of creation: Painted in black
  • Type: Initials

Inscription present: narrow rectangular paper label

  • Text: 1240
  • Location: On underside of cover
  • Method of creation: Printed in black
  • Type: Label

Inscription present: probably an f crossed and 8

  • Text: f 8
  • Location: On rim of cover
  • Method of creation: Scratched
  • Type: Initial

Inscription present: rectangular paper label with serrated ends and bottom edge, where there is a red printed line; the date is written sideways to the other words

  • Text: Limoges/enamel/by Jean/Courtrey/signed I.C/16 cent
  • Location: On underside of foot of cup
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in faded black ink
  • Type: Label

Inscription present: oval paper label printed with the words inside an oval black border line

  • Text: FITZWILLIAM MUSEUM/GIVEN BY/ALFRED a. DE PASS/1933 printed and 31 hand-written
  • Location: On underside of base of cup
  • Method of creation: Printed in black and hand-written in black ink
  • Type: Label

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.31 & A-1933
Primary reference Number: 156452
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 16 July 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Standing cup" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/156452 Accessed: 2022-08-20 05:59:35

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/156452 |title=Standing cup |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-20 05:59:35|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

API call for this record

To call these data via our API (remember this needs to be authenticated) you can use this code snippet:

https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/api/v1/objects/object-156452

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

To use this as a simple code embed, copy this string:

<div class="text-center">
    <figure class="figure">
        <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa37/M_31_20_26_20A_1933_1_200712_mfj22_dc2.jpg"
        alt="Standing cup"
        class="img-fluid" />
        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Standing cup</figcaption>
    </figure>
</div>
    

Please enter your name as you would like to be addressed
Please enter your email address
The object accession number - this is prefilled
Please enter your query with as much detail as possible

Suggested products from Curating Cambridge

You might be interested in this...

Sign up for updates

Updates about future exhibitions and displays, family activities, virtual events & news. You'll be the first to know...