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Battle Scene: M.118-1961

An image of Pendant medallion

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Battle Scene


Maker: Pénicaud, Jean II (Possibly)
Maker: Master M. P. (Possibly)




Circular medallion enamelled en grisaille with a battle scene

Circular, and slightly convex copper plaque, with a small circular hole at 3 and at 9 o’clock. Copper enamelled in grisaille on a black ground, and gilded. The black enamel appears brownish-red near the edges. The chiaroscuro was produced by the enlevage technique with hatching and cross-hatching in the background and on the horses. The reverse has translucent counter-enamel which appears pinkish-red from the oxydization of the copper beneath it. The enamel has blackened and shrunk away from the two holes. There are several brownish-black speckles in the counter-enamel elsewhere.
The front is decorated with a battle scene. In the foreground there are two rearing horses mounted by warriors wearing Roman armour and helmets. One, on the left, carries a banner, the other, in the middle, is about to slay a nude man standing with his back to the viewer in the right foreground. Behind him is another horseman, clad only in a pleated skirt. Behind them there are fifteen men, wholly or partly visible, some of whom brandish swords. The swords and the horses’ bridles are gold. The edge is white and is encircled by a narrow gold band.
The circular metal alloy mount has a toothed inner edge, and at the top has a circular ring and a loose suspension ring.


History note: Sir Alfred Beit; Sotheby’s, 7 October 1948, Catalogue of the celebrated collections of Hispano-Moresque, Italian majolica, bronzes and works of art, p. 4, first part of lot 24; Copper & Adams, London; L.C.G. Clarke, Leckhampton, Cambridge.

Legal notes

Louis.C.G. Clarke Bequest, 1960

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1961-04-27) by Clarke, Louis Colville Gray


Third quarter of 16th century
Circa 1550 CE - 1575 CE


Formerly attributed to Master KIP but the painter’s style, is closer to that of a plaque of Samson killing a Phillistine in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore (inv. no. 44.37)attributed by Verdier to Jean III Pénicaud or to an anonymous master ‘formed in the workshop of the Pénicaud’. A particularly notable point of similarity is the four-toed foot of the central warrior which resembles the foot of a mounted figure in the Walters’ plaque. The treatment of the rearing horses is also comparable.

The iconography is reminiscent of a slightly larger medallion in the Louvre attributed by Marquet de Vasselot, and Baratte, to Master MP, and initialled MP. Possibly the scene was derived from a Renaissance medal

School or Style


People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( white, black; clear counter enamel) gold
Plaque composed of copper
Mount Diameter 4.8 cm Height 6 cm

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.118-1961
Primary reference Number: 156464
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 20 February 2017 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Battle Scene" Web page available at: Accessed: 2022-10-07 12:46:35

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{{cite web|url= |title=Battle Scene |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-10-07 12:46:35|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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