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Pauldron: HEN.M.12F-1933

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Unknown

Description

Pauldron for the left shoulder, for field use, later altered to tourney use, with etched decoration.
rmed of seven medially-ridged lames that overlap from the third which is shaped to the point of the shoulder. The first to third lames extend inwards over the chest and back. The third lame is expanded downwards to the level of the bottom of the sixth lame at the front, and to the level of the bottom of the seventh lame at the rear. The expanded portions have strongly rounded lower inner corners and are flanged at their outer edges where they overlap the lames beneath them. The fourth to seventh lames extend only to the inside of the arm. The first to third lames are connected to one another at their front and rear ends by modern round-headed rivets with square internal washers. The third to seventh lames are connected to one another by modern, round-headed sliding-rivets with square internal leathers at their rear ends, and by modern internal leathers at their front ends and centres. The leathers are secured by single rivets, all of which are externally-flush, except for those in the third lame which are round-headed with square or octagonal internal washers. The leathers would originally have been secured to the third lame by pairs of rivets. The unused second lame is in each case plugged by a round-headed rivet. Construction-holes in the third to seventh lames, aligning with the underlying rivet-holes for the attachment of the front leather, are filled with purely decorative, modern, round-headed rivets. The main edges of the first to third lames are bordered by a total of nineteen round-headed lining-rivets, of which eight are fitted with square internal washers. A twentieth lining-rivet is missing at the centre of the first lame. A later hole is pierced towards the rear of centre of the sixth lame. Attached to the first lame, at the apex of the shoulder, by a modern round-headed rivet with a square internal washer is a single-ended, tongued iron buckle, with an oval loop and a plain, round-ended modern hasp. The buckle served to suspend the pauldron from a strap that issued from the side of the collar. Attached at the rear end of the seventh lame by a single externally flush rivet is a modern, single-ended tongued iron buckle that engages a modern, buff-leather strap attached at the front end of the same lame by a flat-headed rivet. The buckle has a rectangular loop, formerly fitted with a roller, and a narrow, rectangular hasp. It is likely that the buckle and strap have been interchanged. The centre of the seventh lame is pierced with a later, horizontal, rectangular slot to receive a turning-pin that projects from the turner of the vambrace with which it has been associated in modern times. Secured within the third lame, some distance above the armpit, by a pair of externally-flush rivets, is a horizontal bar with a square inner end, a rounded outer end, and constrictions to either side of its centre which is fitted with a pierced and threaded boss that protrudes through the lame for the attachment of a reinforce. The form of the internal bar, and the way in which its rivets and boss interfere with the decoration of the lame, suggest that it represents a later addition.
The main edges of the pauldron are decorated with file-roped, inward turns, bordered in the case of the first to third lames by roped ribs. The ribs of the third lame issue upwards and inwards from the front and rear of the armpit to either side of the point of the shoulder as a pair of confronted valutes. The secondary edges of the second to sixth lames are decorated medially with V-shaped nicks.
The pauldron is etched medially on its first, second, fourth, fifth and sixth lames with a vertical band of trophies, fantastic animals and birds on a stippled and blackened ground, repeated in narrower bands around its main edges, except at the lower edge of the seventh lame, and within and between the valutes of the third lame. The subsidiary edges of the second to sixth lames are etched with narrow bands of running foliage. The vertical band is bordered to either side by four narrower plain bands, showing a slight separation between the second and third of them. The remaining bands are bordered to either side by single narrower plain bands. The lower edge of the seventh lame is bordered by three narrow bands of which the central one is decorated with a continuous series of circular pellets, and the outer ones are plain. the centre of each volute on the third lame is etched with a roundel containing a male, classical, portrait-bust on a stippled and blackened ground. the front and rear of the third lames are each etched with onion-shaped cartouches terminating in fleur-de-lis at their upper ends, and masks at their lower ends. The front and rear cartouches respectively show a bearded male, possibly Hercules, fighting a lion, and two male nudes wrestling. The figures in each case appear among trees, on a stippled and blackened ground. Part of the composite half armour HEN.M.12A-J-1933

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 28.2 cm
Height: 25.3 cm
Weight: 1.29 kg
Width: 22.3 cm

Relative size of this object

22.3 cm25.3 cm28.2 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Late 16th Century
Circa 1570 - 1580

Note

North Italian

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Buckle composed of iron (metal) ( modern) Internal Leathers composed of leather ( modern) Strap composed of leather ( modern) Decoration First To Third Lames Lames Parts

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of seven, medially-ridged lames that overlap outwards from the third, which is shaped to the point of the shoulder; hammered, shaped, riveted, with etched decoration, and file-roped decoration
Patinating Forming

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.12F-1933
Primary reference Number: 17842
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 8 January 2016 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Pauldron" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/17842 Accessed: 2022-08-12 15:49:57

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/17842 |title=Pauldron |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-12 15:49:57|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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