Skip to main content

Bevor: M.4B-1939

An image of Bevor

Photograph copyright © The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge

Terms of use

These images are provided for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons License (BY-NC-ND). To license a high resolution version, please contact our image library who will discuss fees, terms and fee waivers.

Download this image

Object information

Maker(s)

Unknown (Production)

Description

Bevor, for wear with a sallet in a type of joust known in Germany as the Scharfrennen, which was fought with pointed lances in an open field. Formed in one-piece with a high medially-ridged upper half shaped to the chin and neck, and a deep lower half extending down the chest. The upper edge, which rises to its centre, has a plain, angular, outward turn. The lower edge, which has a truncated cusp at its centre is bevelled. The cusp is pierced with a pair of rivet-holes for the attachment of a hasp, while the outer ends of the lower edge are each pierced with a large bolt-hole to allow the bevor to be rigidly secured to the breastplate. The upper edge and sides of the bevor, down to the level of the shoulders, are fitted with twenty-two of an original twenty-four round-headed lining-rivets with circular internal washers retaining fragments of a leather lining-band. Except for the lowest one on each side, the rivets are arranged in pairs. They are replaced throughout. A further rivet-hole at the centre of the throat probably served to secure a lining-band across the neck. The neck is decorated with a pair of widely spaced incised lines. Bought together with the sallet M.4A-1939

Notes

History note: Sold from the collection of Duke Victor von Ratibor of Schloss Grafenegg, by Gallerie Fischer, Lucerne, 2 September 1933, lot 10, pl. 9, for SF. 3,000-00. Lent to the Fitzwilliam Museum by Major H. D. Barnes, O.B.E., F.S.A., August 1936.

Legal notes

Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum, National Art-Collections Fund and Mr E. Evelyn Barron, M.A., L.L.G., Peterhouse

Measurements and weight

Depth: 18 cm
Height: 27 cm
Weight: 1.46 kg
Width: 25.6 cm

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1939-07-12) by The Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Dating

Late 15th century
Production date: circa CE 1490

Note

South German

The bevor is bright with light patination and score-marks of a buffing-wheel overall. The metal shows a vertical crack to the left of centre of the lower half, and some delamination at the right shoulder. Some small marks and gouges at the right edge of the lower half might conceivably be the result of impact from the point of an opponent's lance.

This type of helmet was very popular in the second half of the 15th century and was either worn on its own or with a bevor, a separate piece of armour covering the chin and the front of the neck, as here. The bevor was essential when this type of helmet was used for a type of jousting on horseback called, in Germany, the Scharfrennen, which was contested in an open field using sharp lances.

Components of the work

Lining-band: composed of leather ( fragments) Decoration: Parts: Upper Half:

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed in one-piece with a high medially-ridged upper half shaped to the chin and neck, and a deep lower half extending down the chest; hammered, shaped, riveted, with incised lines and bevelled decoration
Patinating Forming

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.4B-1939
Primary reference Number: 18368
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 14 April 2021 Last processed: Thursday 15 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Bevor" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/18368 Accessed: 2021-09-23 17:56:42

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/18368|title=Bevor|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-09-23 17:56:42|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Please enter your name as you would like to be addressed
Please enter your email address
The object accession number - this is prefilled
Please enter your query with as much detail as possible

More objects and works of art you might like

An image of Reinforcing bevor

Reinforcing bevor

Accession Number: HEN.M.61-1933

An image of Reinforcing bevor

Reinforcing bevor

Accession Number: HEN.M.62-1933

An image of Close helmet

Close helmet

Accession Number: HEN.M.75-1933

An image of Sallet

Sallet

Accession Number: M.4A-1939

Sign up for updates

Updates about future exhibitions and displays, family activities, virtual events & news. You'll be the first to know...

University of Cambridge Museums logo
Arts Council England Logo
Research England logo
The Technology Partnership logo
Brewin Dolphin Logo