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Jug: C.1055-1928

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 12 (Adeane)

Maker(s)

Possibly Unidentified Yorkshire factory (Production)
Possibly Unidentified Staffordshire factory (Production)

Description

Creamware painted in polychrome enamels with a continuous rural scene and the name and date 'Iohn Bridgen/1780

Creamware, thrown, lead-glazed, and painted in green, yellow, red, brown, pale purple, and black enamels. The jug has a bulbous pear-shaped body standing on a outward-curving foot. It has a pointed lip and an ear-shaped strap handle with a vertical groove on each side of its outer edge. The body is decorated with a continuous rural scene. On the extreme right, a woman draws up a bucket from a well. A wheelbarrow stands beside it. Behind her a man leads a horse out of a stable adjacent to a large timber-framed farmhouse with a thatched roof and smoking chimney. On its left, a seated dog is chained to his kennel, and there is another dog behind the wheelbarrow. Two hens are near the first dog and one near the second. In the foreground a dairymaid is milking a red cow, and further to the left is a harrow and a plough, part of a fence and a low tree. Further back, on the left of the house, there is a haystack and a man holding a rake and walking towards an open gate in a fence. Behind it is a field in which a man and a woman are raking and staking hay into heaps. In the distance behind them is a windmill, two houses, and a church against a ridge of hills with small trees on their summits. To the left of the hayfield a man stands on a heap of hay in a cart drawn by two horses, and forks hay up to another man on the top of a large hayrick. Beyond him to the left there are fields, hedges and hills. In the left foreground there is a man on horseback allowing his horse to drink from a duck pond with a tree and part of a fence beside it. Inside the neck there is a red scalloped line.

Notes

History note: Mr Stewart Acton, 12 Prince Albert Street, Brighton, from whom purchased for £7.10s. on 15 October 1921 by Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J. W. L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 24.2 cm
Width: 21.2 cm

Relative size of this object

21.2 cm24.2 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

Late 18th century
George III
Production date: dated AD 1780

Note

If made in Yorkshire this jug may have come from the Swinton factory, or from Leeds Potttery which opened in 1780. It might also have been made in north Staffordshire.

Label text from the exhibition ‘Feast and Fast: The Art of Food in Europe, 1500–1800’, on display at The Fitzwilliam Museum from 26 November 2019 until 31 August 2020: Demand for dairy produce increased in eighteenth-century Britain. Ensuring that dairy herds had food during the Winter was critical, so haymaking became an important annual event. This explains its inclusion on John Bridgen’s milk jug, even if by 1780, cows were also being fed with grasses, turnips, and cabbages to guarantee a more consistent, year-round yield. Skilled dairymaids were vital to meeting the demand, milking their cows twice daily, normally at sunrise and before sundown. Another essential task was preparing and storing unweaned calves’ stomachs to provide rennet for curd and cheese production.

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( green, yellow, red, brown, pale purple, and black) Foot Diameter 13.2 cm
Body Lip And Handle

Materials used in production

cream Earthenware Lead-glaze

Techniques used in production

Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: Iohn. Bridgen/1780
  • Location: On front under lip
  • Method of creation: Painted in red
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: rectangular white paper stick-on label with a blue line border on three sides

  • Text: No 3789/Large Leeds ware/jug with farm/yard scene in/bright colours/and inscribed/Iohn Bridgen/1780/b. in Brighton/Oct 15 1921
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in black
  • Type: Label

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.1055-1928
Primary reference Number: 71240
3789: old object number
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 24 November 2020 Last processed: Monday 25 July 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Jug" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/71240 Accessed: 2022-08-14 23:18:49

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/71240 |title=Jug |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-14 23:18:49|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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