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Virgin and Child: C.2200-1928

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Object information

Titles

Virgin and Child

Maker(s)

Unidentified Deruta potter (Maker)
After Benedetto da Maiano (Sculptor)

Description

Maiolica relief, painted in polychrome with a half-length figure of the Virgin with the infant Christ.

Buff earthenware, moulded in relief and tin-glazed on the front and sides; the reverse unglazed. The glaze has crawled to the left of bottom centre. Painted in watery dark blue, pale blue, yellow, orange, and dark manganese-brown.
Rectangular, with two suspension holes inside the raised frame at top centre.
Within a frame of egg and dart ornament is a half-length figure of the Virgin with the infant Christ sitting on a cushion on her lap. He plays with her veil and she restrains Him with her right hand. On each side of the Virgin's head is a cloud with a cherub flying out of it, holding a crown in the hand nearest to her and a palm in the other. The dark blue background is scattered with stars.

Notes

History note: Acquired before 1902 by Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 3 cm
Height: 46.5 cm
Width: 37 cm

Relative size of this object

37 cm46.5 cm3 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Deruta ⪼ Umbria ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

17th Century
Circa 1600 CE - 1700 1700 CE

Note

Devotional panels moulded in relief with this representation of the Virgin and Child were been made mainly in Deruta. The image derives from a marble relief attributed to Benedetto da Maiano (1442-97), formerly in the Orléans collection at Bologna and now in the Blumenthal collection in New York. The location of the panel in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is not known, and the immediate prototype of the maiolica panels was probably a terracotta or plaster cast.

Label text from the exhibition ‘Madonnas and Miracles: The Holy Home in Renaissance Italy’, on display at The Fitzwilliam Museum from 7 March until 4 June 2017: This rectangular plaque has two holes at the top, suggesting that the image originally hung on a wall. The heavenly colours of blue, gold and white, as well as the starry background and the angels holding crowns, remind the viewer that, according to Catholic tradition, the Virgin was crowned ‘Queen of Heaven’ after her death. The Child is shown entwined in her golden veil.

There are numerous panels of this type, which can be divided into two main groups. The relief moulding of one group, to which this example belongs, follows the iconography of the marble. The other group deviates from it in having a cherub's head in the fold of the drapery under the Virgin's left arm, which may be accompanied by a cherub or angel's head in the background on the right, or both sides, of the Virgin's head, sometimes obscured by the painted background. This group appears to be related to a painted plaster relief also attributed to Benedetto da Maiano in the Skulpurengalerie, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin. This has three cherub's heads, and is approximately the same size as the maiolica panels, 49.5 x 39 cm. A tondo, without cherub's heads, is in the Palazzo di Venezia, Rome (PV5480). The painted backgrounds of both groups of maiolica reliefs include draped curtains, draped curtains with a window on the left, a wall with or without drapes, and a landscape with buildings. The number of moulds used suggests that production continued over a long period, probably throughout the seventeenth century. The only dated example cited is at the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle (X 1559). This belongs to the second group, and differs from most of the others in having a panel at the bottom bearing two coats of arms, and an inscription giving the date 25 February 1633. Somewhat similar panels, presumably inspired by an Italian example, were made at Triana, Seville.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration: composed of high-temperature colours ( watery dark blue, pale blue, yellow, orange, and dark manganese-brown) Front And Sides: composed of tin-glaze

Materials used in production

Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding in relief : Buff earthenware, moulded in relief and tin-glazed on the front and sides; the reverse unglazed. The glaze has crawled to the left of bottom centre. Painted in watery dark blue, pale blue, yellow, orange, and dark manganese-brown.

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.2200-1928
Primary reference Number: 73227
Old object number: 1342
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 25 November 2020 Last processed: Sunday 28 November 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Panel" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/73227 Accessed: 2021-12-06 16:41:22

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/73227|title=Panel|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-12-06 16:41:22|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

<div class="text-center my-3"> <figure class="figure"> <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa35/C_2200_1928_201601_kly25_dc2.jpg" alt="Virgin and Child" class="img-fluid" /> <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Virgin and Child</figcaption> </figure> </div>

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