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Blue lined ‘Castleford-type’ slop basin: C.58-1997

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Blue lined ‘Castleford-type’ slop basin


Factory: Chetham & Woolley (Probably)




Off-white felspathic stoneware slop basin with applied reliefs, edged with blue enamel.

Circular basin with deep curved sides standing on a high, straight-sided footrim. The lower part of the bowl is decorated with engine-turned bands, extending upwards for half an inch. Above is a narrow blue enamel band serving as the ground line for four applied sprigs of classical gods and putti: two putti with torches, a god and an eagle, a putto hugging a lion and a seated goddess holding up a putto; these are separated by either a plant and a butterfly or a plant and a small bird. The rim is turned and finished with a blue band; there is a wider blue band halfway up the footring. The exterior is smear-glazed, the underside is unglazed and the interior glazed.


History note: G.H.W. Rylands Litt. D., CBE, CH, King's College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Given by G.H.W. Rylands in memory of his mother Betha Wolfestan Rylands

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 15.7 cm
Height: 7.6 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Longton ⪼ Staffordshire ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1997) by Rylands, G.H.W.


19th Century, Early#
Circa 1805 CE - 1815 CE


A slop basin, or tea bowl, would commonly be part of a tea set in the days before teabags. The reliefs on this example have been identified as 'Sportive Love', 'Cupids with Torches', 'Jove with an Eagle', and 'The Power of Love'. All four are commonly found on wares by Chetham and Woolley, and the engine turning pattern around the lower part is also typically found on their products. Thus, although unmarked, the basin was probably made by Chetham and Woolley, of Commerce Street, Longton, Staffordshire. The factory, in the Lane End district of Longton, was close to that run by John and William Turner, later Turner, Glover & Simpson. The presence of similar reliefs on Turner wares suggests that the sprigs might have been bought in the Turner bancrupcy sale in 1806.

James Chetham and Richard Woolley are credited with introducing this type of fine-grained, semi-translucent feldspathic stoneware, c.1795, and became a significant producer of teawares, jugs and vases in this new material. The business was continued by James Chetham’s widow Ann Chetham from 1809-1814, and then under various family ownership until 1871.

This basin is in the style of white felspathic ‘Castleford-type’ teawares, named for the Castleford Pottery in Yorkshire run by David Dunderdale & Co. from 1790 to 1821, though other factories made similar wares. Typically plain white or white with edges lined in blue or another colour, or black basalt, the smear-glazing makes the most of the crisply-moulded ornament, whilst the stoneware would be durable in an everyday setting. There are several examples in the Fitzwilliam Museum.

School or Style


People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Banding composed of enamel ( blue)

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Smear-glazing : Smear-glazed, off-white stoneware with applied sprigs, engine-turned bands and blue enamel bands.

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.58-1997
Primary reference Number: 75579
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Monday 15 January 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Blue lined ‘Castleford-type’ slop basin" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-06-22 08:20:32

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