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Jardinière with geometric decoration: C.8-1980

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Object information

Titles

jardinière with geometric decoration

Maker(s)

Doulton & Co. (Pottery)
Simmance, Eliza (Decorator)

Description

Stoneware jardinière, decorated with raised geometric patterns, painted and salt-glazed.

A large, thrown stoneware pot, the sides of which curve upwards and outwards in a convex curve from the base, contracting at the top into a short, cylindrical neck, which is finished with a rim, and standing on a flared foot. The sides and neck are decorated with six bands of raised, geometrical patterns which incorporate natural forms such as flowers and are separated by strips of raised, shell-like vertical forms. The body is finely painted in olive-green, grey, blue and buff, following the patterns. The neck and foot are painted in solid bands of blue and brown, and the inside of the neck in blue. The interior is unpainted below the neck, and lightly glazed. The underside of the foot is hollow, turned and unglazed.

Notes

History note: Purchased as furnishing at an unrecorded date and accessioned in 1980.

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 30 cm
Diameter: 11.75 in
Height: 25.9 cm
Height: 10.5 in

Place(s) associated

  • Lambeth ⪼ Middlesex ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bought

Dating

Late 19th Century
Victorian
Production date: AD/CE 1881

Note

Doulton and Co, founded by John Doulton at Vauxhall, c.1815, originally specialised in utility ceramics, with some production of stoneware jugs and ornamental bottles. Henry Doulton, his son, introduced decorative stoneware at the Lambeth Art Pottery in the mid 1860s, encouraged by John Sparkes, Head of Lambeth School of Art; in all, some 400 artists were employed there, many of them Lambeth students. From 1872 the business expanded into faience and in the 1880s opened a factory at Burslem, Staffordshire, where bone china and other wares were made. In 1901, Edward VII granted the Royal warrant to the factory. Stoneware production at Lambeth reduced after 1914, and ceased in 1956.

Eliza Simmance worked for Doulton’s from 1873 until 1928. She worked with a variety of decorating techniques, often combining two or three of them in a single pot. She is particularly known for her finely incised and pate-sur-pate decoration, where several layers of slip are applied with a brush to build up a raised design. John Sparkes, Head of Lambeth School of Art, found her ‘first amongst those who have thrown their whole energy into their work […with] so many ideas to spare’, and her work ‘so eminently graceful and well drawn as to emulate […] the work of the Italian ornamentists’ (quoted in Eyre (1975), p.105). She often worked with the assistance of younger artists.

The decoration of this piece follows principles of geometric design set out by Owen Jones in his 'Grammar of Ornament', 1856, and the designs chosen may have been copied from his illustrations.

The impression 'g o' is an assistant's mark, possibly for Kate Giblin (who is listed as a senior assistant in 1882) or for Jessie Gandy (who began as a junior assistant in 1881 and stayed until 1889. Many of Doulton's artists were women, and in 1881/2 they presented an illuminated manuscript to Henry Doulton 'to take this opportunity of expressing our obligations to you for the origination of an occupation at once interesting and elevating to so large a number of our sex'.

School or Style

Art Pottery

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration: composed of oxide colours Foot: Diameter 18.0 cm Diameter 7 in
Rim: Diameter 25.4 cm Diameter 10 in

Materials used in production

Salt-glaze Stoneware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Thrown and salt-glazed stoneware with relief decoration, coloured olive-green, blue, grey, buff and brown.
Painting Applying Salt-glazing

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: impressed 'DOULTON LAMBETH' encircling four interlocking D's within a wavy-edged circle

  • Text: DOULTON LAMBETH
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Mark
  • Text: 1881
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Date
  • Text: ES
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Mark

Inscription present: 'g o' with two square blocks beside the 'o'

  • Text: g o
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Mark

Inscription present: script initials, probably 'JA'

  • Text: J A
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Inscribed
  • Mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.8-1980
Primary reference Number: 76171
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Jardinière" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/76171 Accessed: 2021-12-06 18:02:39

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/76171|title=Jardinière|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-12-06 18:02:39|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

<div class="text-center my-3"> <figure class="figure"> <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa4/C_8_1980_281_29.jpg" alt="jardinière with geometric decoration" class="img-fluid" /> <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">jardinière with geometric decoration</figcaption> </figure> </div>

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