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Polito's Menagerie: C.965-1928

An image of Figure group

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Object information

Titles

Polito's Menagerie

Maker(s)

Unidentified Pottery (Maker)

Description

Earthenware figure group, moulded and modelled, lead glazed and painted with polychrome enamels.

Stafforshire table-base group representing Polito’s Menagerie. The table base has six feet and is painted brown, with relief polychrome garlands all around. A yellow and brown booth stands on it; there are three lamps and gathered curtains along the front of the roof and a brown flight of steps centre front. In the middle, a woman is coming out of a door, there are two children in front of her. To the right are the showman, a boy playing a drum and two trumpeters in long coats ; to the left are a woman in a feathered hat and a man who winds a barrel-organ on which a monkey is seated. Above the booth is a tall façade with an elephant with a castle on its back, two monkeys in trees, a lion and a tiger, all moulded in relief. The façade carries modelled birds and monkeys along the top of a ribbon with the impressed inscription: ‘POLITOS / MENAGERIE OF THE MOST WONDERFUL BURDS AND BEASTS FROM MOST PART OF THE WORLD, LION etc.’. The ‘S’ of ‘POLITOS’ is reversed. The back is flat, curving up the back of the façade and painted brown. The underside is glazed but unpainted, with three circular vent holes.

Notes

History note: Puttick and Simpson, London, 15 June 1923, lot 86, bought for £8.8s (eight pounds eight shillings) by Mr Mack for Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge.

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 33.7 cm
Width: 34 cm

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

First half of 19th Century
Circa 1825 CE - Circa 1830 CE

Note

Earthenware figure groups were popular from around 1810, although the earliest examples date from nearly a century earlier. A cheaper alternative to porcelain figures, they were often produced by small potteries; very few are marked. Classical or literary subjects were frequently copied from porcelain examples, but potters increasingly turned to scenes from everyday life and topical events. Early groups are often complex, with modelled and moulded parts, applied decoration and partially decorated backs. As demand increased, processes were streamlined for mass production and by c.1835 three-part press-moulding had largely replaced earlier methods. Table-base groups, on four or six short legs, were made from c.1825-35; probably by just a few makers. They have in the past been attributed to Obadaiah Sherratt of Burslem, but without clear evidence. The large number of modelled figures here suggests a late 1820s date.

Pottery models of Wombwell’s and Polito’s Menageries were equally popular, and there are a number of surviving examples. Versions on different table or other bases suggest they were made by several potters and sometimes the figures seem to have been made by different potters and/or moulds shared between potteries, perhaps to save costs. Figures of individual menagerie animals were also common.

Travelling menageries were popular in England from the late 18th Century. Exotic animals, such as lions and elephants had previously only been seen in aristocratic collections; now menageries took them out to the general public. From c.1830s, with the addition of animal tamers’ tricks, brass bands and human performers, the shows evolved into what we now know as circus. Stephani Polito bought the Exeter Change Menagerie, already established in London c.1810. He died in 1814, but Polito’s Menagerie continued until c.1836. George Wombwell started his first menagerie c.1807 and by 1839 Wombwell’s Menagerie included 15 wagons of animals; by 1850 there were three shows touring; the business continued until 1884.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration: composed of enamel ( blue, green, yellow, pink, flesh-pink, red, brown, grey, and black) lead-glaze Parts:

Materials used in production

Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

  • No visible mark
  • Text: No. 4211. Staffordshire group of Polito’s Menagerie. It is practically perfect. b. in London June 15 1923
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Rectangular paper label handwritten in black ink
  • Label

Inscription present: The ‘S’ of ‘POLITOS’ is reversed

  • Text: POLITOS/ MENAGERIE OF THE WONDERFULL BURDS AND BEASTS FROM MOST (PART OF) THE WORLD LIONS & C
  • Location: On front
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.965-1928
Primary reference Number: 76465
Old object number: 4211
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 12 August 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Figure group" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/76465 Accessed: 2021-07-28 00:55:17

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/76465|title=Figure group|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-07-28 00:55:17|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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