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Nativity Inkstand: C.2179-1928

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Titles

Nativity Inkstand

Maker(s)

Attributed to Giovanni di Nicola di Manzoni of Colle (Maker)

Description

Maiolica inkstand with a three-dimensional Nativity group at the back, and an inkwell and candlesocket on either side

Dark buff earthenware, tin-glazed on the upper surfaces; base streaked with glaze. Painted in dark blue, green, yellow, brownish-orange, and manganese-purple. Modelled in the form of a shallow tray with a Nativity group in the round at the back, a cylindrical inkwell on the right, and a smaller cylindrical candle socket (incorrectly restored) on the left. The Virgin Mary and St Joseph kneel on either side of a wattle stall occupied by an ox and an ass. The infant Christ lies on a wavy-edged cloth between them. In front of the figures is a space for pens, enclosed by a low wall, decorated on the exterior with strapwork.

Notes

History note: G.R. Harding & Sons, King Street, London, from whom purchased for £35 on 4 March 1910 by Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 17.1 cm
Height: 15.8 cm
Length: 21.5 cm

Relative size of this object

21.5 cm15.8 cm17.1 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Colle Val d'Elsa ⪼ Tuscany ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

Early 16th Century
Renaissance
Circa 1509 CE - 1516 CE

Note

Label text from the exhibition ‘Madonnas and Miracles: The Holy Home in Renaissance Italy’, on display at The Fitzwilliam Museum from 7 March until 4 June 2017: A household object such as this inkstand allowed its owner to recall the Holy Family while writing or doing accounts. In the colourful rustic scene, watched by Joseph and the animals, Mary adores the baby Jesus, who lies naked and motionless on a cloth like a corpse, as if to foretell his eventual death.

Maiolica inkstands with three-dimensional figures were the ceramic equivalents of the bronze candle- and inkstands made by fifteenth-century sculptors such as Riccio. They enjoyed a fairly short period of popularity from probably about 1490 to between 1510 and 1515, and then seem to have been less fashionable until about 1570. This example is very close in appearance to three others in private collections, one of which is dated 1516. The iconography differs in several respects, but the figures and animals are modelled in the same simple style, and they all have a flat base, and at the front, a low wall. The figures and animals are comparable to those on fifteen more elaborate inkstands which have curved double-walled bases with inscriptions round the sides, and are raised on three lion, or hound supports. For a list and illustrations of these, and the examples with flat bases, see Documentation, Wilson and Sani, 2007.

This inkstand was formerly attributed doubtfully to Faenza, but has been reattributed to Colle Val d'Elsa on the basis of the inscriptions on some of the other inkwells, in which the maker described himself as IOHANES NICHOLAI DEMANZONIBVS DECOLLE or GIOVANNI ACOLLE, and the discovery of a manuscript which confirms that the Manzoni family had a pottery at Colle Val d'Elsa (Siena), and concerns its sale in 1530. See Wilson and Sani, 2007, for an extract from the notarial document. It therefore seems possible that similar inkstands without inscriptions and the three-dimensional model (C.2180-1928) were made there though possibly not all in the same workshop. This inkstand has had the inkpot on the right incorrectly restored. On other examples the pot is not cylindrical, but of a bulbous from. See Documentation, La Grazia dell'Arte, for an inkstand with the original bulbous inkpot.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of high-temperature colours ( dark blue, green, yellow, brownish-orange, and manganese-purple) Figures

Materials used in production

dark buff Earthenware Tin-glaze

Techniques used in production

Tin-glazing

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.2179-1928
Primary reference Number: 80698
Old object number: 3106
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 19 May 2022 Last processed: Monday 25 July 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Nativity Inkstand" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/80698 Accessed: 2022-08-10 21:30:57

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/80698 |title=Nativity Inkstand |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-10 21:30:57|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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