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Gobelet litron et soucoupe: MAR.C.33 & A-1912

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Object information

Titles

Gobelet litron et soucoupe

Maker(s)

Vincennes Porcelain Manufactory (Factory)
Chappuis, Antoine-Joseph (Painter)
Houry, Pierre (Painter)
Vandé, Jean-Baptiste-Emmanuel (Gilder)

Description

Soft-paste porcelain cup and saucer decorated with a bleu celeste ground, floral sprays in enamels, and gilding.

Soft-paste porcelain decorated with a bleu céleste ground, painting in blue, shades of green, a little yellow, pale and dark pink, and purple enamels, and gilding. Cylindrical cup with arched and incurved handle. Circular saucer with flat central area and sloping sides. There is a suspension hole in the footring of the saucer. Both pieces have a bleu céleste ground. The cup has an oval reserve painted in polychrome with a spray of flowers, surrounded by a gilt frame of palms, scrolls and floral sprays, extending over the ground to right and left,. There is a band of gilding round the foot, a dentilated band round the rim, and lines of gilding down the sides of the handle, which also has a leaf at the top, and groups of three tiny leaves alternating with spots down its back. The saucer has a central reserve painted with a different spray of flowers, framed by palms, floral sprays, and scrolls enclosing a diaper pattern and striations respectively. There is a dentilated gold band round the rim.

Notes

History note: Unknown before testator, Charles Brinsely Marlay (1831-1912), St Katherine's Lodge, Regent's Park, London

Legal notes

C.B. Marlay Bequest

Place(s) associated

  • Vincennes ⪼ Val-de-Marne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1912) by Marlay, Charles Brinsley

Dating

Mid-18th Century
Louis XV
In or after 1754 CE - 1756 CE

Note

The gobelet litron was named after a cubic measure, the litron, which was normally made of wood, and was used for dry stuffs, such as corn and peas. Its size in Paris had been defined in 1670 as the equivalent of 9.45 cm high and 10.15 cm in diameter in pouces and lignes, which was larger than the largest of the porcelain cups. The first size of gobelet litron had been introduced at Vincennes before October 1752 when it was mentioned in an inventory of stock, but was probably being made a few years.The second and third sizes followed in 1753, and the fourth and fifth in 1757. They could be fitted with one of seven different handle forms . A drawing in the archives at Sèvres is dated 19 February 1753 (MNS, R1, liasse 2, dossier 2, No. 6bis) They were supplied singly, singly with a plateau carré, in ’harlequin’ sets, or as part of matching dejeuner. (See Documentation, Savill, 1988, Bellaigure, 2009)) This is a gobelet litron of the third size, with Savill's handle B. Bleu céleste grounds were introduced in 1753 and were often combined with flower painting in the reserves. The marks on these pieces make it unlikely that they were originally a pair. Houry worked at the factory 1754-55, and Antoine-Joseph Chappuis jeune, aîné (1743-87), worked as a répareur 1756-61 and as a painter 1761-87. Vande père (1716-79?), worked at Vincennes and Sèvres, 1753-79.

School or Style

Rococo

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( bleu celeste) enamels ( blue, shades of green, a little yellow, pale and dark pink, and purple) gold Saucer Diameter 12.5 cm Height 3 cm
Cup Rim Diameter 5.5 cm
Cup Height 5.9 cm Width 7.5 cm

Materials used in production

presumed lead Lead-glaze Soft-paste porcelain

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Soft-paste porcelain, moulded, and decorated with a bleu celeste ground, painting in blue, shades of green, a little yellow, pale and dark pink, and purple enamels, and gilding
Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: interlaced L's

  • Location: On the cup
  • Method of creation: In greyish-blue enamel
  • Type: Factory mark
  • Text: cp
  • Location: On the cup above factory mark
  • Method of creation: Painted in greyish-blue enamel
  • Type: Painter's mark
  • Text: V with a D attached to the right side
  • Location: On the cup below factory mark
  • Method of creation: Painted in greyish-blue enamel
  • Type: Gilder's mark

Inscription present: interlaced L's enclosing B

  • Location: On saucer
  • Method of creation: In blue enamel
  • Type: Factory mark
  • Text: H
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel
  • Type: Painter's mark
  • Text: C
  • Location: On base of cup by footring
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Incised mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: MAR.C.33 & A-1912
Primary reference Number: 82551
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 3 September 2020 Last processed: Friday 21 May 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Gobelet litron et soucoupe" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/82551 Accessed: 2022-05-26 05:47:44

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/82551 |title=Gobelet litron et soucoupe |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-05-26 05:47:44|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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