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Cuvette ou pot à fleurs: C.4A-1955

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 26 (Lower Marlay)

Titles

Cuvette ou pot à fleurs

Maker(s)

Vincennes Porcelain Manufactory (Factory)

Description

Soft-paste porcelain painted in polychrome enamels with bouquets of flowers and gilded

Soft-paste porcelain, moulded, and decorated with painting in blue, pale green, greyish-green, yellow, brownish-orange, dark pink, and mauve enamels, and gilding. The glaze is slightly speckled inside and outside. The vase stands on a D-shaped solid base. The back of the bowl is almost flat with a depression on either side of the centre. The front is curved, and divided into two lobes, separated by stylised palms in relief which curve below each lobe and rise to form small handles at each end. The wavy upper edge is divided and folded back at each end. Each of the lobes is painted with a bouquet of flowers. The relief leaves are touched with blue and gold; the upper edge is feathered in blue, and there are gold bands round the upper edge, and round the edge of the base.
A pair with C.4B-1955.

Notes

History note: Bought from Mr Cecil Gould, May 1955

Legal notes

Purchased with the Leverton Harris Fund

Measurements and weight

Depth: 15.5 cm
Height: 10.8 cm
Length: 25 cm

Relative size of this object

25 cm10.8 cm15.5 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Vincennes ⪼ Val-de-Marne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bought (1955-05-26) by Gould, Cecil

Dating

Mid-18th Century
Louis XV
Circa 1751 CE - 1752 CE

Note

This open bowl-like flower vase, is likely to have been the form referred to in the Vincennes factory's records as a 'cuvette à fleurs' or a 'pot à fleur'. With its pair, C.4B-1955, it may have formed part of a garniture of three vases, with a larger one in the centre. In the absence of other wide bowl-like Vincennes flower vases during the early 1750s, Eriksen and Bellaigue (see Documentation 1987) identified this form as probably corresponding to a garniture of vases, listed twice, once as 'vases à fleurs' and again as 'cuvettes à fleurs' in the probate inventory of Jean-Henry-Louis Orry de Fulvy (1703-51), which was begun on 26 May 1751, and is now in the Archives Nationales. In the inventory of the factory's stock taken of 1 October 1752 among the glazed wares there were five chimney garnitures in the form of bowls for flowers each defective costing 100 livres and amounting to 500 livres, which were still unsold in the inventory of 1 April 1753. (MNS I 7,p. 23) The report of the biscuit firing of 4 November 1752 included under moulded ware, one 'cuvette a fleur' of the first size and two of the second size which seems likely to have been another garniture of this type. (Ledger in the Institut de France, MS 5673, p. 3. ) It seems plausible to imagine that the large central vase resembled the one filled with an arrangement of porcelain flowers on metal stems acquired by the Musée national de Céramique, Sèvres in 1983 (MNC 25058). The museum already owned a pair of matching smaller bowls. (MNC 24427.1, 2), similar to the Fitzwilliam’s but having pink edges, which suggests that they may have been decorated before July 1751 when the factory's chemist, Jean Helot, introduced a blue enamel. The Fitzwilliam's examples were probably made between that date and the introduction of the date lettering system in 1753. Another of the smaller size bowls with pink edges is in the Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio (71.147), and another with blue edges was sold at Christies, New York, on 24 October 2012, lot 21. The bowls were also made with turquoise grounds.

School or Style

Rococo

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamels ( blue, pale green, greyish-green, yellow, brownish-orange, dark pink, and mauve) gold Foot Length 13.5 cm

Materials used in production

except underside of base; presumed lead-glaze Lead-glaze Soft-paste porcelain

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Soft-paste porcelain, moulded, glazed, and decorated with painting in blue, pale green, greyish-green, yellow, brownish-orange, dark pink, and mauve enamels, and gilding.
Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: the dots are one above the other

  • Text: interlaced, foliate Ls with a group of three dots above, three in the centre and one below
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel onto the unglazed body
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: an illegible inscription in which some letters are readable

  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Hand-written, probably in ink, appearing pale brown
  • Type: Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.4A-1955
Primary reference Number: 82570
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 5 January 2021 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Cuvette ou pot à fleurs" Web page available at: https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/82570 Accessed: 2022-08-19 02:48:25

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{{cite web|url=https://collection.beta.fitz.ms/id/object/82570 |title=Cuvette ou pot à fleurs |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-19 02:48:25|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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